"Prevarication is the order of the day, yet we embrace
truth what may."
- Jalal Od-Din Mowlavi
While it can not be disputed for a moment, the fact that the despotic
regime in Tehran is the great abuser of human rights, promoter
of terrorism and must be replaced, here we would like to present
some important facts about the Peoples' Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI).
The Peoples' Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI) is currently waging an intensive
campaign of deception to win the support of the Free World and
especially the United States. Should the United States fall for
the deception, it could prove eventually to be catastrophic to
U.S. foreign policy and security interests. The interests include
the campaign against worldwide terrorism, political and military
stability in the Middle East, the maintenance of international
opprobrium and sanctions against the current repressive regimes
of Iraq and Iran, and most important of all, the moral stature
and credibility of the United States.
1. MOJAHEDIN'S DECEPTION AND THE AMERICAN RESPONSE
The Mojahedin's (PMOI) tactics to "win the hearts and minds
of Americans are neither original nor subtile. Put in realistic
terms, the PMOI tactic is 'my enemy is your enemy, therefore,
we are friends, you must support us against our common enemy'.
As intriguing and ingratiating as this appeal appears on the surface,
underneath the surface lies the hidden agenda of the
PMOI, known only to its top leadership, headed by Masoud Rajavi
who not surprisingly, and conveniently resides in Iraq. Much more
will be said about the Rajavis and the PMOI later in this article.
It should be noted, that there is historical precedence for this
tactic. During the mid-thirties, the Stalinist regime in the Soviet
Union launched the Popular Front for all "democratic, peace
loving peoples" to oppose Adolph Hitler; the communists'
hidden agenda of destroying democracy was kept secret. During
the post-war Cold War, the United States allied and associated
itself with some of the most undemocratic and nefarious regimes
in its confrontation with the threat of Communist expansion, the
Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. Then as now,
the democracies especially the United States after the Cold War,
and their populations were not only fooled, but even betrayed
by their erstwhile newly found friends and allies. Unfortunately
there is substantial evidence that many Americans in and out of
government are now following the same "garden path".
It has taken, perhaps too long, for the U.S. governmental leaders,
academics, and the media to recognize the chameleon like character
of the PMOI, its distortion of its own history and its use of
the big lie. Fortunately, it is not too late to disclose to the
American people and their leaders the truth about the PMOI. The
U.S. Department of States in conjunction with the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee has produced the Report on the People's Mojahedin,
November 1994. (This report is in accordance with the requirement
of Section 523 of the FY 1994-95 Foreign Relations Authorization
Act). Thanks to the tireless efforts of Senator John McCain of
Arizona, this report, bringing to light the true nature of the
PMOI and its campaign of deception, is made available for all
to see. In his forwarding letter to his congressional colleagues,
Senator McCain expressed his thoughts in a rather understated
matter: "It provides just the sort of background on the PMOI
necessary for members to make an informed decision about their
relationship with the lobbyists.
My principle concern, and the concern that led to the State Department
report, has been that the PMOI is permitted to freely lobby Congress
without a clear understanding of its history and current activities.
I believe the State Department report contributes significantly
to this understanding."
Among the audience to which Senator McCain's letter hopefully
will reach should be journalists (e.g. Roland Evans and Robert
Novak), elected congressional Representatives like Robert Torricelli,
and former House Foreign Affairs Chairman, Lee Hamilton, and other
spokespersons who have public ear. These supporters and perhaps
apologists for the PMOI may have been beguiled by the seeming
democratic nature and the anti-Khomeini attitude espoused by the
PMOI- two fundamental principles incorporated into the psyche
of the American public. Moreover, for these supporters, the PMOI
appears to be the best, if not the logical alternative. In reality,
the logical, and indeed the best alternative is a democratic,
pro-peace government freely chosen and elected by the people of
What the supporters and would-be supporters of the PMOI must
endeavor to comprehend and take seriously, is the "hidden
agenda" of the PMOI. It is not to replace the repressive
clerical regime that now rules in Tehran with a pro-American,
pro-Western democratically elected government of the Mojahedin-
this is what the PMOI would have the Americans and other like-minded
advocates of democracy to believe. If the thirty five year history
of the PMOI and its pronouncements in print and electronic media
are to be accepted as credible empirical evidence of the true
nature of the PMOI (and in this case there is no other rational
alternative to use), then it is highly likely that their behavior,
once in power, would not differ from their past behavior and declarations.
In essence, this means that the PMOI in power would likely be
a Marxist-Maoist radical Islamic repressive regime much similar
to the former Maoist regime in Albania, and the present-day government
of North Korea These regimes are hardly models of a viable "alternative"
to the present rulers
in Tehran. The "hidden agenda" of the PMOI thus can
be to establish this type of undemocratic regime without liberties
and freedoms for the Iranian people.
2. WHAT AMERICANS SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE PMOI PAST BEHAVIOR:
A GLIMPSE INTO ITS FUTURE BEHAVIOR
The most important historical reality of the People's Mojahedin
Organization of Iran (PMOI) are: 1) that it is terrorist in its
operational means and tactics; 2) that it is Maoist in its Marxist
ideology and political theory; 3) that it is virulently anti-American/anti-Imperialist/anti-Zionist;
4) that it holds to a radical, non-orthodox interpretation of
the tenets of Islam; and 5) that it is governed by a cultish,
secretive, self-perpetuating oligarchy headed by Masoud Rajavi
and his wife Maryam. In addition to the above characteristics
of the PMOI an important fact can not be omitted from the historical
record, and that is its attachment to Saddam Hussein's regime
in Baghdad since 1986. The significance of this mutual collaboration
and exploitation is clearly evident: extreme antiIranian actions
bearing on treason, in addition to extreme antiAmericanism. In
both these instances the PMOI's affiliation with Iraq is evidenced
by its participation against Iranian forces in the Iran-Iraq war
and in the Desert Storm, and finally in Saddam's post Desert Storm
anti-Kurdish campaign. As noted earlier in this paper, Rajavi
and PMOI leadership are currently stationed in Iraq receiving
financial assistance from Saddam Hussein. There is no question
that the PMOI is a vessel of Saddam Hussein. The PMOI serves the
wishes of the Baghdad government without hesitation or conditions.
If required they exterminate their own countrymen.
The pre-revolutionary terroristic actions of the PMOI were anti-American
and anti-Western, and included the following: A. Assassination
1. May 1972- U.S. air Force Brigadier General Ilarold Price,
chief of the Air Force Section of U.S. Military Advisory Group
2. June 1973- U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Hawkins, U.S.
3. May 1975- Colonel Paul Schaeffer and Lieutenant Colonel Jack
Turner, U.S. Air Force officers in the mission.
4. August 1976- 3 civilian employees of Rockwell International
advising the Iranian military. B. Bombing and Kidnapping
1. In December of 1970 carried out an abortive attempt to kidnap
U.S. Ambassador Douglas MacArthur.
2. President Richard M. Nixon's trip was marred by a series of
bombings, including one explosion at the Tomb of the Shah's father
shortly before the President and his hosts were scheduled to arrive.
3. The offices of El A1 Airlines, Shell Petroleum, British Petroleum,
British Overseas Airways, a Jewish emigration office in Tehran,
and numerous other U.S. facilities and properties were bombed
antipathy to the PMOI stems from their treasonous pro-Iraqi activities,
especially during the costly Iran-Iraq war, and its support of
the regime at the outset of the revolution. Perhaps another factor
mitigating against the PMOI is their obvious Mao-Marxist ideology
which could not hide the facet of pretending to represent "true
During the period 1979-1981, the period of the Khomeini takeover,
the PMOI furnished support to the revolutionists holding the Americans
hostage in their embassy. They furnished personnel and poured
out vitriolic anti-American rhetoric in their official newspaperThe
Mojahed. Very shortly therefore, it was obvious to Khomeini and
his leadership circle, that the PMOI were not "true believers",
i.e. orthodox Shia, but rather, true Mao Marxists dedicated to
ideologies abhorrent to true Islam-consequently they were eliminated
from participating in the Revolution. At this point, the chameleon
character of the PMOI emerged; they turned against Khomeini, instituted
a reign of terror against government officials and civilians,
and economic targets. The leader Rajavi fled to Paris and subsequently
in 1986 to Iraq where he still resides with his leadership entourage
and approximately 10,000 "freedom fighters". As noted
previously, the PMOI in Iraq is serving the foreign policy and
military needs of Saddam Hussein.
Since 1992, the PMOI has found it necessary to lower its anti-
American posture in order to tap the financial resources of the
"American market" and to gain political, if not military
support for a hoped-for return to Iran. It is at this juncture
when the campaign of deceiving the "American market"
manifests itself. Its methodology is one utilized by totalitarian
regimes through the ages, especially the National Socialists of
Germany and the Communists throughout the world. Simply put, it
denies its past to conform to the politically correct language
of its target population/government leadership. Secondly,-it belittles,
insults, humiliates and vilifies its opponents in extreme language.
Whenever possible, the PMOI will resort to physically eliminating
its adversaries as evidenced in Western Europe and even the United
States. It is in this phase of the PMOI activities that it has
gained some supporters in the Congress and the mass media, and
some in the academic community.
It is instructive to note that the PMO1 has not gained adherents
inside Iran. Given the repressive nature of the clerical regime,
there is sufficient indication that the mass of the Iranian population
are not inclined to trade a known repressive regime with an unknown
repressive regime- "better the devil we know, than the devil
we don't know". The reason for this
3. THE CHARACTER AND NATURE OF THE MOJAHEDIN
First and paramount in the character and nature of the Mojahedin
is that it is a cult more than a political party of participating
membership. The PMOI's maximum leader is Masoud Rajavi and his
co-ruler and wife Maryam. These two people are venerated, extolled,
praised, and above all never questioned, nor ever challenged.
The historical record does not show any plebiscite or participatory
democratic means of selecting or electing its leadership. One
is immediately reminded of the recently departed Kim-il Sung of
North Korea, and to a large extent the personality cults surrounding
Stalin and Hitler, hardly exemplary role models. There are so
many similarities with Communist leaders, it is almost impossible
not to suspect their true nature. Again, one can expect that a
PMOI governed Iran would follow the lines (examples) of North
Korea, Stalinist Soviet Union or Maoist Albania. This is not a
"viable option" as some have unwittingly suggested.
The cultish nature of the PMOI is best exemplified by the fact
that Masoud Rajavi appointed his wife as the "Future President"
of Iran, as quoted from PMOI's official organ The Mojahed. Subsequent
issues of The Mojahed, praised the marriage union (Maryam was
married to another member of the PMOI) and praised her elevation
to the presidency as fulfilling God's cosmic design.
The ultimate horror :scenario of4cultish political organization
in power can be seen in the Nazi and Stalinist regimes. Could
we expect a holocaust-like situation similar to Pol Pot's Cambodia,
in a PMOI governed Iran- far greater than the blood-bath following
Khomeini's accession to power? The answer is unreservedly yes!
The PMOI have repeatedly informed the world that they would deal
with "the Khomeiniites, the Imperialists, Zionists, and other
antidemocratic elements". This is a prescription for mass
murder and annihilation. Past experiences should tell us when
a fanatic tells us his future intentions, we should take him seriously.
The lesson of Mein Kampf should suffice for all time and all similar
4. THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF THE MOJAHEDIN
Though the MOJAHEDIN have not as yet issued a political testament
or "little Red Book" their statements and rhetoric leave
no doubt as to its Maoist leanings. The anti-imperialist, anti-American,
anti-capitalist, anti-bourgeois, anti-Zonist, anti-religious (except
for a vague reference to "revolutionary Islam") is mindful
of vintage Marxism under the halcyon days of Stalin and Mao-tse
Tung. The PMOI talk about absolute nationalization of all industry,
transportation and communication. The PMOI makes it clear without
ambiguity, it intends to do away with the last "vestiges"
of capitalism, even to the extent of collectivizing agriculture.
Can one imagine the "shameful harvest" of Stalin's collectivization
and the Cultural Revolution introduced to Iran? Perhaps here,
the model of the horrors of the Khmer Rouge are relevant; indeed
some of the more extremist members of Mojahedin call themselves
by that infamous name with pride.
More threatening to the peace of the region and overall world
peace is the thought that PMOI Iran at some future date could
have acquired nuclear weapons. This eventuality would certainly
bring to reality a "doomsday" scenario. This consideration
may well be the "hidden agenda" which the would-be supporters
and actual supporters of the PMOI have failed to take into account
as they contemplate a "viable alternative".
S. WHAT'S TO BE DONE?
The American public and its leadership and communication networks,
news media, and others must know everything about the Mojahedin.
They must contact the Government Printing Office, The State Department,
the U.S. Congress, and Senator McCain's office to obtain as much
information as possible about the past and current activities
of the Mojahedin. The American public and the leadership in and
out of govemment must put an end to the deception of the Mojahedin
by telling the truth about them. They must stop the flow of funds
and demand the U.S. government examine the PMOI's tax-exempt status
and other illegal acts which they have committed under the prosecutory
felony of misrepresentation and deceiving the public. Focus on
Iran will do its part in divulging the lies of the Mojahedin,
and in support of democracy, freedom, and liberty for the Iranian
people under a duly elected, representative national leadership.
This is the only "viable alternative" for the nation
and people of Iran! And this is the only way to replace the despotic
regime of the clerics with a truly democratic one.
There is no better way to understand the PMOI than by its own
words. Fortunately it publishes a news journal which is filled
with its opinion of world events, its vision for Iran and reports
of its deeds. In what follows we shall see that the Mojahedin
took responsibility for the assassination of several Americans
in Iran, aggressively supported the takeover of the U.S. Embassy
in Teheran in 1979, bitterly opposed the release of the American
hostages from the Embassy, and engaged in an anti-Western campaign
A FEW QUOTATIONS FROM "THE MOJAHED" PUBLICATION
"The Mojahcd", official organ of the PMOI, proudly declares
in its issue of October, 1980 that:
"Ever since its foundation in 1965, the thrust of the battle
against the U.S. advisors fell to the Mojahedin, who targeted
and claimed the lives of a number for the first time, while it
was the PMOI bombs planted in imperialist and Zionist institutions
and destroying them which first caused the imperialists and their
domestic mercenaries to be alarmed."
In May of 1981, "The Mojahcd" again sought to bring
the PMOI's anti-western service to the attention of the ayatollahs
in an Open Letter to Khomeini:
"In the dark era of the Shah, the Mojahedin had taken up
arms and never missed an opportunity to gun down the imperialist
Murder was not the only anti-western act that the Mojahedin took
claim for before fleeing Iran in 1981. Their behavior during the
American hostage crisis merits recounting as well. In his February
1992 letter to Lee Hamilton, Massoud Rajavi denied the State Department's
charge that the Mojahedin publicly supported the Embassy takeover.
He says, " Indeed not only were the Mojahedin not supportive
of the taking of American hostages, they were the primary victims
of the incident."
When Pope John Paul sent an emissary to meet with Khomeini in
hope of finding a solution to the hostage taking, "The Mojahcd"
of March 16, 1980 argued:
'The Pope dispatches a representative to settle the issue; yet
the would-be mediator arrived to meet the decisive confrontation
which Imam Khomeini presented, a confrontation with the representative
of the imperialist Pope which speaks for itself in its clarity